Happy 40th Birthday, IVF!

The world’s first in vitro fertilization (IVF) baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born in 1978 in the U.K.  Since then, approximately 8 million babies have been born world-wide as a result of IVF.  In the United States alone, approximately 1.5-2 percent of all babies born these days are conceived via IVF.

In the past 40 years, since the conception and …

Is Male Infertility Being Ignored?

Now this is shocking: A survey of more than 2,000 couples seen at U.S. fertility clinics showed that three-fourths of the men had not undergone a fertility workup, even though male infertility contributes to half of all infertility cases. In the subgroup of 1,537 couples without a workup of the male partner, 17% had a history of assisted reproduction procedures, …

Fertility Treatment Options After Tubal Ligation Surgery

Many women who have had tubal ligation surgery regret the decision and desire future fertility.  Women who have had this surgery can often still conceive a pregnancy either through in vitro fertilization or after tubal reversal surgery.  The decision about which of these options to choose needs to be based on each woman’s particular situation.

Factors that need to be …

Low Sperm Count May Be a Marker of General Health

A new study presented at ENDO 2018, the Endocrine Society’s 100th annual meeting in Chicago, IL, found that low sperm count may not only be a problem for fertility, but is also a marker for a man’s general health.

The study looked at 5,177 male partners of infertile couples in Italy and found that low sperm counts were associated with …

Antihistamines May Affect Male Fertility

An Argentinian review of multiple animal studies is suggesting that antihistamines, found in common allergy medications, may affect male fertility.  The study, published in the journal Reproduction, found that antihistamine use could decrease sperm motility and alter sperm morphology.

The study found several papers that reported impaired testicular function in animal studies after antihistamine exposure.  These papers found that …

When Should ICSI be Used?

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a very specialized technique performed by embryologists that involves injecting a single sperm into each egg retrieved from an IVF cycle.  It was first introduced in the early 1990s to help fertilize eggs for couples with male factor infertility.  Since the 1990s, the use of ICSI with IVF cycles has substantially increased.  In fact, ICSI …

New Fathers’ Age is Rising

Maybe this is why we are seeing more cases of male infertility and many cases of IVF are requiring ICSI.

Researchers at Stanford University reviewed data on 168,867,480 live births from 1972 to 2015, making statistical adjustments for missing paternal records. The average age of the father of a newborn in the United States, the investigators found, has risen to …

Sperm Counts of Western Men are Declining

A new analysis published in the journal, Human Reproduction Update, is showing that the sperm counts of men in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand have markedly declined in the past 40 years.

Researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusulem conducted a meta-analysis of 185 studies. The studies included data from sperm samples from almost 43,000 men from …

IVF babies are as smart as naturally-conceived

Since the dawn of assisted reproduction in the late 1970’s the question of whether those conceived through “artificial means” would be as smart and healthy as those conceived naturally was debated.

Here’s the latest answer: Children conceived artificially don’t have worse cognitive skills than babies conceived naturally. In fact, kids born through techniques such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), or …

What Men Can Do to Improve Their Fertility

A new study found that eating walnuts may improve sperm quality.  This animal study on mice supports a previous 2012 study, which showed that men who added 75 gram (2.5 ounces) of walnuts per day to their diets had improved sperm vitality, motility, and morphology compared to men who did not.  The benefits of walnuts likely comes from the high …