Vitamin D May Affect Fertility Treatment Success

A new study published in the journal Human Reproduction found that there is a relationship between vitamin D levels and fertility treatment success rates from assisted reproductive technology.  The researchers concluded that women with sufficient levels of vitamin D have higher live birth rates after undergoing fertility treatment with assisted reproductive technology than women with low vitamin D levels.…

Pesticides in Food May Reduce Fertility

A new study published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine is showing that women who eat foods with high amounts of pesticide residue may have reduced fertility.  The study looked at 325 women undergoing infertility treatment with assisted reproductive technology (ART). Intake of high-pesticide residue fruits and vegetables was associated with a lower likelihood of having child via ART.   Intake …

Fertility Business Booming. Why?

According to an article in the Washington Post, the multibillion-dollar fertility industry is booming, and experimenting with business models that are changing the American family in new and unpredictable ways. Would-be parents seeking donor eggs and sperm can pick and choose from long checklists of physical and intellectual characteristics. Clinics now offer volume discounts, package deals and 100 percent guarantees …

Fertility Tourism is on the Rise

Due to the high cost of fertility treatment in the United States, more and more women are choosing to go abroad for treatments such as IVF, egg donation, and gestational surrogacy.  Unfortunately, fertility treatment in the U.S. can be very expensive and it is not covered by most patients’ insurance plans. Fertility treatment can be cost prohibitive for many patients …

When Should ICSI be Used?

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a very specialized technique performed by embryologists that involves injecting a single sperm into each egg retrieved from an IVF cycle.  It was first introduced in the early 1990s to help fertilize eggs for couples with male factor infertility.  Since the 1990s, the use of ICSI with IVF cycles has substantially increased.  In fact, ICSI …

The Role of Preimplantation Genetic Screening in IVF

Over the past 2 decades, preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) has fallen in and out of favor among fertility specialists.  The benefits of performing PGS with in vitro fertilization have been hugely debated.  While the techniques and technology for PGS have advanced during this time, it’s still unclear whether PGS provides a benefit and that should be determined for each individual …

The Evolution of Fertility Treatment

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approving the sale and marketing of clomiphene citrate (Clomid) for the “treatment of ovulatory dysfunction in women desiring pregnancy”.   At the time, this was a huge breakthrough for couples who were desperate to conceive their own child.  For many patients, it was a “wonder drug”.

Prior to …

Flame Retardants May Decrease IVF Success

A new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health is showing that flame retardants may decrease the likelihood of pregnancy in women undergoing in vitro fertilization.  This is the first study to examine the association between organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) and reproductive outcomes in women.

Urine samples from 211 women undergoing IVF between 2005 and 2015 at the …

Why Do Some Normal Embryos Fail to Implant?

One of the hardest questions to answer for a fertility specialist is, “Why did a genetically normal embryo fail to implant?”.  With the increased use of preimplantation genetic screening on embryos, couples often have very high hopes of achieving a pregnancy when a genetically normal is obtained from an in vitro fertilization cycle. Unfortunately, not all genetically normal embryos will …

Computers May Help Choose the Best Embryos for IVF

Researchers in Brazil are developing a new software tool that may help physicians and embryologists choose the best embryos for transfer after an IVF cycle.  The computer technology is supposed to recognize 24 characteristics of embryos, some of which are not detectable to embryologists using even the most sophisticated microscopes.  These characteristics include the size of the embryo, the texture …